Opposers Seek Sign from Jesus
16, verses 1-4)
this place the Pharisees and Sadducees came to Jesus to bait him. They asked him to show them a spectacular heavenly sign.
(2) He replied by saying: "At evening time you men make a prediction by saying, ‘The weather will
be good today. Just look at that clear, fire-red sunset.' (3) And in the morning you say, ‘It'll be
cold, rainy weather today because, although it's a beautiful fiery sunrise, it's also cloudy.' You know weather signs but
don't know the signs of the times. (4) An evil generation that is spiritually promiscuous, though married,
persists in looking for a sign. The only sign it'll get is the sign of Jonah." He then turned and walked away.
Warns Disciples of
Opposers and False Doctrines
(Chapter 16, verses 5-12) .
When the disciples crossed to the other side they realized they didn't bring the loaves of bread with them. (6) Jesus
told them: "Keep your eyes open and look out for the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees." (7)
They were puzzled by this and had a private conversation among themselves, saying: "We didn't bring any loaves with us."
(8) Being aware of this Jesus said: "Why are you having this discussion among yourselves? Is it because
you don't have any loaves of bread, little faith crew? (9) You guys don't get the point, do you? Don't you
remember when I fed five thousand men? And what about the leftovers? How many baskets full did you all collect? Do you remember
Don't tell me you forgot about that time I fed four thousand men with seven loaves. Do you remember how many leftover baskets
there were on that occasion? (11) I can't believe you guys actually think I was talking about real loaves
of bread. How could you? Again, just watch out for the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees."
(12) They finally caught on and realized he was talking about the actual erroneous, infectious teachings
of the Pharisees and Sadducees, not the yeast used to make bread with.
Jesus Predicts a Congregation--
Peter to Receive Kingdom Keys
(Chapter 16, verses 13-20) .
(13) When Jesus and
his disciples came into the area of Caesarea Philippi he posed the question to them: "Who is the Son of man rumored to
be among the people?" (14) They said: "[It all depends on who you ask.] Some say John the Baptist,
others Elijah, still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets." (15) He then said to them: "Alright.
Now who do you guys say I am?" (16) Simon Peter spoke up and said: "You're the Christ, the Son
of the living God." (17) Jesus said to him: "Good man, Simon son of Jonah! You have good reason
to be pleased since no man disclosed this to you. No, it had to be my Father who is in the heavens. (18)
Also, just as surely as your name is Peter, on this solid, correctly identified rock-the foundation cornerstone in the person
of the Son of man-I will build my congregation, and not even Hell's gate will be able to unearth it. (19)
I'll give you the heavenly keys of the kingdom, and whatever things you chain and lock on earth will have already been chained
and locked in the heavens. And whatever things you unlock on earth will already have been unlocked in the heavens." (20)
Then he forcefully told his disciples to make sure that they didn't tell a soul that he was indeed the Christ.
Peter Mistakenly Censures
16, verses 21-23)
(21) From that point forward Jesus made clear to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem where he'd be persecuted
and eventually killed by the elders, chief priests, and scribes, but would be resurrected on the third day. (22)
Upon hearing this Peter, [full of himself because of correctly identifying the Messiah, and subsequently being slated to receive
the keys of the kingdom], took him aside and censored him in private, saying: "Don't be so hard on yourself. Lighten
up Lord. None of this stuff is going to happen to you." (23) Jesus bristled, turned his back and shouted:
"Get behind me, Satan! You're scandalous because you're thinking human thoughts rather than Godly ones."
True Disciple Should
16, verses 24-28)
(24) Then Jesus told his disciples: "If anyone wants to be my disciple he must disavow his right to living his
life as he sees fit. He must be willing to accept a torturous life, and always follow me. (25) Whoever wants
to save his miserable life in this system will lose it; and whoever loses his short, gutted life for my sake will find a rich
rewarding one. (26) For what good is it for a man to convert the whole world but lose his own life? Or what
will a man trade for his life? (27) For the Son of man will surely come in his Father's glory, accompanied
by angels assigned him, and will reward each one according to his behavior. (28) Believe what I'm about
to say: some of you standing here won't taste the bitterness of death until you first see the Son of man coming in his kingdom."